It was developed and expounded by Shankaracarya Sri Bharati Krishna Tirtha (1884 – 1960) during the first half of the 20th century. As a devotee installed at Sringeri Math in southern India. Tirthaji spent years studying the ancient texts and teachings called Vedas. From stray references together with a genius intellect and brilliant intuition, he formulated the system now known as Vedic mathematics.
As a Shankaracarya he expounded and taught the teachings of Advaita – the philosophy of unity. This teaching is reflected in several of the sutras.
Before his passing he left the manuscript for an illustrative volume which was first published in 1965. Since then, there has been widespread interest and much developmental research into the meaning and applications of the sutras.